The Great Escape – the real thing

I recently got an email from a friend – I have no idea where this comes from – so I cannot give the source. But I had to post it here – just so that everyone could learn about this historical fact. Worth remembering – German Nazis established many POW camps as well as a network of concentration camps in today’s Poland. The country was occupied by them from 1939. And this part of Europe was to supply the Nazis with manpower (slaves). More about the Nazi plans for this part of Europe HERE.

The Great Escape – the real thing

Untouched for almost seven decades, the tunnel  used in the Great Escape has finally been unearthed.

The 111-yard passage nicknamed ‘Harry’ by Allied  prisoners was sealed by the Germans after the audacious break-out from the POW camp Stalag Luft III in western  Poland…

Despite huge interest in the subject, encouraged  by the film starring Steve McQueen, the tunnel remained  undisturbed over the decades because it was behind the Iron Curtain and the Soviet authorities had no interest  in its significance.

Channel4 - Digging The Great Escape

 But at last British archaeologists have  excavated it, and discovered its remarkable  secrets.

Many of the bed boards which had been joined  together to stop it collapsing were still in position.

And the ventilation shaft, ingeniously crafted from used  powdered milk containers known as Klim Tins, remained in working order.

Scattered throughout the tunnel, which is 30ft below ground, were bits of old metal buckets, hammers and crowbars which were used to hollow out the route.

A total of 600 prisoners worked on three tunnels at the same time. They were nicknamed Tom, Dick and Harry and were just 2 ft square for most of their length.

It was on the night of March 24 and 25, 1944, that 76 Allied airmen escaped through Harry.

Barely a third of the 200 prisoners – many in fake German uniforms and civilian outfits and carrying false identity papers – who were meant to slip away managed to leave before the alarm was raised when escapee number 77 was spotted.

ATT00032

Tunnel  vision: A tunnel reconstruction showing the trolley system.

Only three made it back to Britain an Australian, Canadian and a Brit. Another 50 were executed by firing squad on the orders of Adolf Hitler, who was furious after learning of the breach of security.

In all, 90 boards from bunk beds, 62 tables, 34 chairs and 76 benches, as well as thousands of items including knives, spoons, forks, towels and blankets, were squirrelled away by the Allied prisoners to aid the escape plan under the noses of their  captors.

Although the Hollywood movie suggested otherwise, NO Americans were involved in the operation.  Most were British, and the others were from Canada , (all the tunnellers were Canadian personnel with backgrounds in mining) Poland , New Zealand , Australia , and South Africa ..

ATT00035The site of the tunnel, recently  excavated by British archaeologists

The latest dig, over three weeks in August, located the entrance to Harry, which was originally concealed under a stove in Hut 104.

The team also found another tunnel, called George, whose exact position had not been charted. It was never used as the 2,000 prisoners were forced to march to other camps as the Red Army approached in January 1945.

Watching the excavation was Gordie King, 91, an RAF radio operator, who was 140th in line to use Harry and therefore missed out.

‘This brings back such bitter-sweet memories,’ he said as he wiped away tears. ‘I’m amazed by what they’ve  found.’

Channel4 - The Great GatsbyBitter-sweet memories: Gordie King, 91, made an  emotional return to Stalag Luft III.

Published in: on 06/02/2013 at 11:23  Comments (1)  

The URI to TrackBack this entry is: https://tourpoland.blog/2013/02/06/the-great-escape-the-real-thing/trackback/

RSS feed for comments on this post.

One CommentLeave a comment

  1. Admiring the commitment you put into your website and detailed
    information you offer. It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed information.
    Great read! I’ve saved your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: